Networks in Basic and Applied Scientific Research
Rosaria Carillo and
Alessandro Sapio (Department of Business and Economic Studies,
Parthenope University of Naples).
In recent years, governance and organizational design have emerged as
essential in fostering scientific productivity (Aghion et al., 2010; Carayol
and Matt, 2004; Geuna and Muscio 2009). A burgeoning trend in scientific and
technological collaborations within academia and along the
university-industry linkages is observed in all research fields (Durden and
Perri, 1995; Wagner and Leydesdorff, 2005; Goyal et al., 2006; Leydesdorff
and Etzkowitz, 1996). Collaboration can manifest itself through
co-authorship of scientific articles and patents, as well as in less formal
modes, such as visiting periods, academic conferences, and consulting
activities, whether carried out individually or mediated by the
administrative structures of universities (departments, technology transfer
The empirical evidence so far has
highlighted the positive impact of academic collaborations on the quality of
scientific publications, as measured by citation counts, the H-index, or the
results of national research assessments (Laband and Tollison 2000; Carillo
et al. 2008; Waldinger 2012; Carillo et al. 2013). This is particularly true
of international collaborations, that allow a better matching among
scientists (Rosenblat and Möbius 2004). Yet, researchers find their academic
partners through established links, such as information channels inherited
from their mentors; also, university-industry collaborations tend to be
facilitated by spatial proximity (Audretsch and Stephan, 1996; Santoro,
2000). Path dependencies and lock-in phenomena rooted in knowledge tacitness
and the existence of knowledge spillovers drive the emergent network of
collaborations away from the socially optimal structure, a trend that is
reinforced by public budget cuts. This raises questions concerning the
nature and the extent of the government role: from rule-maker, creating
incentives for network formation (Katz and Martin, 1997; Adams et al. 2005;
Bonaccorsi and Daraio 2005), to public entrepreneur whose functions are
intertwined with those of firms and universities (see research on the Triple
Helix summarized in Etzkowitz, 2008).
• This track welcomes empirical,
theoretical, and policy-oriented works concerning the following,
non-exhaustive list of topics:
• Statistical properties of
real-world scientific collaboration networks
• Network formation models:
behavioral and institutional determinants
• The effects of scientific
collaboration on the quality of academic outputs
• Identification of efficient network
• Governance of the
university-industry interactions and its impact on scientific and
Adams, James D., Grant C. Black, J. Roger Clemmons, and Paula E. Stephan.
"Scientific teams and institutional collaborations: Evidence from US
universities, 1981–1999." Research Policy 34.3 (2005): 259-285.
Aghion, Philippe, Mathias
Dewatripont, Caroline Hoxby, Andreu Mas‐Colell, and André Sapir. "The
governance and performance of universities: evidence from Europe and the
US." Economic Policy 25.61 (2010): 7-59.
Audretsch, David B., and Paula E.
Stephan. "Company-scientist locational links: The case of biotechnology."
The American Economic Review 86.3 (1996): 641-652.
Bonaccorsi, Andrea, and Cinzia
Daraio. "Exploring size and agglomeration effects on public research
productivity." Scientometrics 63.1 (2005): 87-120.
Carayol, Nicolas, and Mireille Matt.
"Does research organization influence academic production?: Laboratory level
evidence from a large European university." Research Policy 33.8 (2004):
Carillo, Maria Rosaria, Erasmo
Papagni, and Fabian Capitanio. "Effects of social interactions on
scientists' productivity." International Journal of Manpower 29.3 (2008):
Carillo, Maria Rosaria, Erasmo
Papagni, and Alessandro Sapio, “Do collaborations enhance the high-quality
output of scientific institutions? Evidence from the Italian Research
Assessment Exercise.” Journal of Socio-Economics 47 (2013): 25-36.
Durden, Garey C., and Timothy J.
Perri. "Coauthorship and publication efficiency." Atlantic economic journal
23.1 (1995): 69-76.
Etzkowitz, Henry. The triple helix:
University-industry-government innovation in action. Routledge, 2008.
Geuna, Aldo, and Alessandro Muscio.
"The governance of university knowledge transfer: A critical review of the
literature." Minerva 47.1 (2009): 93-114.
Goyal, Sanjeev, Marco J. Van Der
Leij, and José Luis Moraga‐González. "Economics: An emerging small world."
Journal of Political Economy 114.2 (2006): 403-412.
Katz, J. Sylvan, and Ben R. Martin.
"What is research collaboration?." Research policy 26.1 (1997): 1-18.
Laband, David N., and Robert D. Tollison. "Intellectual collaboration."
Journal of Political Economy 108.3 (2000): 632-662.
Leydesdorff, Loet, and Henry
Etzkowitz. "Emergence of a Triple Helix of university—industry—government
relations." Science and Public Policy 23.5 (1996): 279-286.